Real emerald vs fakes
One of the most beautiful and mysterious gems is considered an emerald. Royal stone and stars adore magnificent stone. The mineral is considered a symbol of power, wealth and wisdom. Emerald is able to change the life of its owner: it attracts luck and protects against disease. But a magical effect is possible only if the stone is real. Often unscrupulous sellers give out imitations as a natural mineral. To avoid cheating, it is important to know what a real emerald looks like, and by what criteria it can be distinguished from a fake.
What a genuine emerald looks like
Emerald is called “green ice”. This variety of beryl has a special cold shine and a green tint. The grassy color of the mineral is due to a small amount of chromium, which is present in its structure. Sometimes the role of chromium is vanadium, which affects the saturation and properties of beryl.
Those who want to buy a real stone should know what an emerald looks like and what characteristics of the mineral are key. The table will help to understand.
from dull green to saturated greens
through the mineral you can see the closing edge
when falling does not break
there are small vessels;
blotches visible in the sun and under the lamp
microcracks and scuffs are present
What fakes are found
Emeralds are faked in different ways. Most often, there are four options for substitutes for a precious mineral, which are listed in the list below.
Imitations of cheap stones. In nature, there are lower-order minerals that look like an emerald in appearance, but differ in physicochemical properties. Typically, the king of stones is replaced by quartz, tourmaline, chrysolite, zircon and other minerals similar in palette. Simulations of emerald can be distinguished by characteristic brightness. Real green beryl, on the contrary, is appreciated for a noble muted shade, which, combined with the brilliance of the faces, looks luxurious.
Glass. Ordinary bottle glass is used to simulate emeralds. Previously, it is painted in the desired color. To buy jewelry with such a substitute is the most offensive: the insert does not represent a single value. But to define such a fake is simple: usually it is too large, glistening defiantly and quickly heats up in the hand.
Duplets / triplets. Such fakes are very common in the jewelry market. Imitation is a stone assembled from several parts (two and three, respectively). For layers, low-quality emeralds are selected, particles of natural stone are combined with cheap minerals and bottle glass. Parts that are used to create a fake are glued with special glue or paste. Sometimes imitation is performed so skillfully that visually distinguishing it from natural stone is extremely difficult.
Artificial Emerald. At the end of the 19th century, emerald was first grown in laboratory conditions. Since then, the technology has improved, which allowed the creation of substitutes that are as similar as possible to the originals. Synthetic emerald is not inferior to natural in strength and performance, but natural stones are still more valuable. In laboratory conditions, you can grow specimens of densely saturated color, which are as similar as possible to the most expensive and rare natural emeralds. Therefore, when buying a product inlaid with a unique copy (according to the seller), it is important to verify the authenticity of the insert.
How to recognize a fake: practical tips
Before buying a jewelry with green beryl, learn how to determine the authenticity of an emerald, and master the proposed methods. Do not rush to make a purchase. Examine the stone carefully. To do this, grab a magnifying glass into the store. What exactly should be considered with a lens?
Overflows. Inspect the insert in natural light. If the overflow of the mineral is blue or yellow, then this is a fake. It may even be a semi-precious stone, which served as a substitute, but certainly not His Majesty the emerald. Estimate the overflow of the set stone as follows: move about two meters from the jewelry, look at the jewelry. From a distance, the real king of stones looks like dark green velvet; he does not have inherent overflows and bright reflections.
Microcracks. You can recognize a natural mineral by its flaws. If damage is visible on the stone, then the probability that it is a fake is almost zero. Imitations of emeralds usually look flawless, while minor imperfections are forgiven for true perfection.
Interspersed. Look carefully at the stone under a magnifying glass and in the sun. A natural mineral may have vascular inclusions. But if bubbles are visible inside or on the surface, then you have a doublet or triplet in front of you. Bubbles form when glued.
Facets. Evaluate the facets of the stone. The natural mineral is solid, so its edges are clear. Artificial gems often give themselves out as bumps, semicircular corners of the faces.
There is a simple test that will help distinguish between natural and synthetic beryl.